WHO: Top trainers and Jockeys who are competing in the 33rd Breeders’ Cup World Championships will be available for open session interviews. *An updated list of jockeys and trainers appearing will be sent on Monday, October 31. * WHEN: Wednesday, November 2 – 10:30-11:30 a.m. Following the media availability, a casual buffet brunch will be served for the media to enjoy. The Breeders’ Cup World Championships, consisting of 13 Grade 1 races and purses and awards totaling $28 million, will be held at Santa Anita Park for a record ninth time on Friday, November 4 and Saturday, November 5, featuring racing superstar California Chrome and 11 former and returning Breeders’ Cup Champions. WHERE: Santa Anita Park – Arcadia, CA – At Top O’ The Stretch – West Grandstand PARKING: Santa Anita Park is located at 285 West Huntington Dr. – Arcadia, CA 91007. However, do not follow GPS directions to this address, as they will send you to the wrong gate. Top trainers, jockeys and owners involved in the Breeders’ Cup World Championships will be in attendance for a media day to assist media in their advance coverage of the event. Approximately 12 trainers, jockeys and owners will each be seated at their individual stations, and media can move around the room to secure multiple interviews. This represents the best and most convenient time for media to gather material from many of the key participants in horse racing’s end-of-season championship races. WHAT: Breeders’ Cup Media Day and Brunch Media should enter through Gate 8:From I-210, exit Baldwin and go South 7/10 of a mile to Santa Anita Park.Go left just before the sign for the Westfield Mall (which abuts Santa Anita’s property. Stay to the left and do not enter the mall parking lot.Stay left at the fork along the hedges (going right will take you into the main parking lot) and pull up to the guard shack.Ask to be directed to Clockers’ Corner and park near the large, two-story white tent.Media Day will be held at the Top O’ the Stretch, at track level just east of Clockers’ Corner.Contact: Jim Gluckson, Breeders’ Cup, 646-335-6835
The Real He kept the promise to invite the inhabitants of Field Calf (Palencia) after playing the Cup against the palencians in december. 500 calves witnessed this Saturday’s game Reale Arena And enjoyed a great day. Some were accommodated in tribune and the local team, after the local bench. AMAIA ZABALO & nbsp; (DAILY AS) ‘); return false; “class =” item-multimedia “>AMAIA ZABALO (DAILY AS)
Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebra Alas just couldn’t catch a break.Last year, Alas was on a steady rise to becoming one of the best guards in the PBA when he sustained his first ACL tear.This time, Alas was slowly regaining his old explosive self when he hurt his knee again.“I honestly don’t know the plans of God for me but I trust our Lord God Almighty that he is preparing me for something greater and bigger,” he said.The 6-foot Alas, who is averaging 8.4 points, 3.4 rebounds, 4.6 assists, and a steal in five games this conference, doesn’t want to dwell on his latest setback and instead, he is already looking forward to his recovery no matter how grueling it’s going to be.ADVERTISEMENT Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil “The goal now is to move forward, recover, get healthy and attack my rehab again,” he said.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Kevin Alas had just come back from an ACL injury that sidelined him for 10 months and the NLEX guard vowed to overcome it again.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Phivolcs: Slim probability of Taal Volcano caldera eruption Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college In a case of tough luck, Alas suffered the same injury on the same knee just five games upon his long-awaited return.“I re-tore the ACL in my right knee at Ynares Antipolo. It was the exact same venue and the exact same side of the court where I suffered the same injury, less than a year ago,” Alas posted on his Instagram account Monday night.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets offers from Asia, Australian ball clubs“I admit this is very depressing and frustrating because I worked my ass off for the past 10 months just to be healthy and to be at my peak shape. I even did all I could to prevent this from happening again,” he wrote. “This is a tough situation for me, but tough times don’t last. This will only make me more resilient and much stronger.”The 27-year-old Alas hurt his right knee in the Road Warriors’ win over the Meralco Bolts on Saturday. MOST READ Philippine Army to acquire MANPADS, self-propelled howitzers In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ James Harden churns out another 40-point game as Rockets beat Suns Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship history Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments
Constitutionally-mandated electionsThe Parliamentary Opposition has called out the Government for its duplicitous statements regarding the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM) and the no-confidence motion.Opposition Leader Bharrat JagdeoIn a statement addressing the nation on Friday, President David Granger claimed his Government has been complying with the Constitution and the rulings of the judiciary, and has even been respecting the independence of GECOM.However, following the address, the Opposition People’s Progressive Party came out with a stinging statement in which it pointed out to the Granger-led administration that GECOM has not done anything to demonstrate its independence since the passage of the no- confidence motion on December 21, 2018, which should have triggered elections within three months.“The President’s claim that he has urged the ‘readiness’ of GECOM to conduct ‘credible elections at the earliest possible time runs contrary to the actions of Coalition-appointed GECOM Commissioners, who have been insisting on national house- to-house registration – a process that would delay Elections until 2020,” the PPP statement noted.The party added that holding of General and Regional Elections is not of paramount importance for the Granger-led Government. It added thatfor the President to claim he is acting “responsibly, not recklessly, because he did not receive “guidance” from GECOM to allow him to proclaim a date for Elections – having met with GECOM on March 8, 2019 – is another fiction, as that meeting largely focused on national house-to-house registration.”The PPP also noted that, at the very meeting, President Granger rejected a work plan put forward by the Opposition-nominated GECOM Commissioners, which had proposed the holding of General and Regional Elections on April 29, 2019.“The President has insisted that he is waiting on GECOM to be ready, while his own Commissioner, Vincent Alexander, has said that GECOM is waiting on the President to name a date before it can begin to ready itself for Elections,” Jagdeo noted in the statement. “The President’s comments on the issue of GECOM underscore the duplicity with which he continues to act on this issue.”This duplicity, the PPP said is evidenced when the President claims that GECOM is ‘insulated from political interference’ – when in fact it is none other than the President who violated the balance of GECOM by unilaterally appointing a GECOM Chairman and transforming GECOM into a partisan body that dances to the tune of his Government.The Opposition cited as an example GECOM’s actions when it initially declared on December 27, 2018 that it would be ready to deliver Elections. Following this declaration, it backpedalled on that position weeks later.“The Office of the Opposition Leader maintains that President Granger abdicated his responsibility to name a date for General and Regional Elections when he, without constitutional cover, hides behind GECOM and says that it is the Commission that must determine an elections date. GECOM is subservient to the Constitution.”According to the PPP, the President talks about ‘collaboration’, but has not acted in good faith when engaging the Parliamentary Opposition. Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo proposed an option that would have seen Elections being held on or before April 30, 2019 – and made clear that if the proposal was accepted the Opposition would support an extension of the Government’s life in office. This was rejected by President Granger,” the Opposition revealed.It added that after March 21, the coalition Government becomes “unconstitutional, illegitimate and illegal.” Sole responsibility for this impending constitutional crisis, according to the Parliamentary Opposition, rests with President Granger and his Government.Defiance of judiciaryThe Parliamentary Opposition also made it clear that despite Government claiming it respects the judiciary, it is still in defiance of Chief Justice (acting) Roxane George’s ruling that cabinet is resigned. Instead, a plenary of Ministers with the power of cabinet is still being used.“The Chief Justice also ruled that ‘the President and the Ministers cannot therefore remain in Government beyond the three months within which elections are required to be held in accordance with Article 106 Sub Article 7, unless that time is enlarged by the National Assembly in accordance with the requirements of said Article 106 Sub Article 7.’Therefore, the President’s claim that his Government “continues to comply” with the ruling of the Chief Justice (ag) is another fallacy,” it stated.According to the PPP, the President refers to the January 3, 2019 ruling of House Speaker Dr Barton Scotland selectively, to suggest that the Speaker directed the Government to approach the court. What he fails to admit is that the Speaker refused to reverse his December 21, 2018 ruling (after a ‘request’ made by the Coalition Government) and said: “…a court of competent jurisdiction will place beyond doubt any question which may exist and serve to give guidance to the Speaker and to the National Assembly for the future. The Legislature upheld the validity of the vote on the no-confidence motion,” the statement also read.Additionally, the party added that the President insists that the legal challenges were not “calculated to frustrate the implications of the no-confidence vote”, but it is clear that the cases advanced represent an abuse of the judicial process. The President claims that the Government’s move to legal action was a move to bring clarity to “contentious” issues. On this point, the party said, it must be underscored that:*Prior to the vote on the no-confidence motion, the Government claimed that their 33 votes would be enough to protect them – after the vote, questionable mathematics relative to 33 not being a majority of 65 found its way into Government’s legal arguments; and* Prior to the vote on the no-confidence motion, Charrandas Persaud’s votes were validated by the Coalition Government itself; after the vote, the legitimacy of Charrandas Persaud sitting in Parliament found its way into Government’s legal arguments.The Parliamentary Opposition also debunked the President’s statement that GECOM would need additional funding, noting that the very Fiscal Management and Accountability Act (Amendment) of 2015 that he signed into law allows GECOM to use money from its lump sum for the elections.The Opposition also reiterated that the life of the Coalition Government can only be extended by a two-thirds vote in the National Assembly.“If there is no such vote, the life of the Government ends; the maximum timeline set by the Constitution (three months after the passage of the no-confidence motion) will have expired. The clock has been ticking since December 21, 2018, and there has been no stay of that timeline by the Court,” the party said.It added that the President’s failure to address the fundamental issues has been addressed by the Parliamentary Opposition repeatedly, and the Guyanese people have “witnessed the disparity between the platitudes offered and the actions of the Granger-led Government.”
PICO RIVERA – A Pico Rivera man who died last month made his mark on the community through service and generosity. Bernard Manuel Ruedas, 71, died Sept. 24 from complications of kidney failure. His wife, Dolores, will continue his legacy of giving and activism in the community by heading the business they operated together, Sweet & Company Realtor, as a real estate agent. Dolores Ruedas said her husband used their business to assist the people of Pico Rivera. He devoted much of his time to youths, staying involved in schools and youth organizations, spending time with his granddaughters and hosting charity events for children in his home. “He’s been president and chairman of so many things, I can hardly keep track,” Dolores Ruedas said. Fellow Jaycees member Carlos Rodriguez said Bernie Ruedas was a valuable worker and friend. “I was with him when we were with the Jaycees and he was just an outstanding member … always willing to do whatever job he was given,” Rodriquez said. Dolores Ruedas said she and her husband would often host a Christmas party for up to 70 underprivileged children. Bernie would dress up as Santa Claus for the party. “He loved kids,” Dolores said. “And you know, some of them would come in if their parents were clients. If they did well in school, he would reward them with something.” Although the Ruedas family eventually moved to Whittier, they continued working in Pico Rivera and serving that community. Linda Macias grew up in Pico Rivera. She now lives there with her husband, Mark, and young son, Michael. Macias’ parents bought their first home through Bernie Ruedas, and when she began searching for a first home, she bought hers through him as well. Macias remembered Ruedas’ passion for Pico Rivera during a City Council election season. “He was backing this particular council member, and he was so emotional about it that I actually saw him cry,” Macias said. According to Macias, the generosity of Ruedas and his wife will stay with many in the community for years to come. “They had this open door,” Macias said. “They would just love to have people and family around.” Besides his wife, Ruedas leaves behind two children and two grandchildren. Funeral services were at St. Bruno Catholic Church in Whittier. firstname.lastname@example.org (562) 698-0966, Ext. 3029160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.“He helped a lot of people that came in with problems,” she said. “People who were losing their homes and needed money, he didn’t even know them and he would loan them money.” Bernard Ruedas, known throughout the community as “Uncle Bernie,” took a job at Sweet & Company in 1964 and purchased the business in 1976. He and his family had moved to Pico Rivera from South Los Angeles so that their children could attend schools in the El Rancho Unified School District. The family become involved in Pico Rivera’s charitable organizations and politics during their time in the city. Ruedas worked with the Pico Rivera Jaycees, Kiwanis and Lions Club. He was a commissioner on the Pico Rivera Parks and Recreation Committee. He was also a member of the Pico Rivera Chamber of Commerce and a chairman for the Junior Miss and Miss Pico Rivera Queen pageants.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESanta Anita opens winter meet Saturday with loaded card160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! SUNDAY Dance workshop with Mia Michaels, 11 a.m.-4 p.m. in the Saugus High School gym, 21900 Centurion Way, Saugus. Cost: $100 for dancers and $5 for spectators. E-mail email@example.com. Weekend workshop for those who are divorced, separated or widowed, titled “Who Am I Now That I Am Alone?” 12:30-5 p.m. at Santa Clarita United Methodist Church, 26640 Bouquet Canyon Road, Saugus. Cost for the three days: $20. Call (661) 297-3783. Santa Clarita Runners Club will meet for marathon training, 6:30 a.m. in the parking lot at Granary Square, 25930 McBean Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org. Bingo will be played, 10:30 a.m. at Mint Canyon Moose Lodge, 18000 W. Sierra Highway, Canyon Country. Call (661) 252-7222. Saugus train station will be open, 1-4 p.m. at Heritage Junction in William S. Hart Park, 24151 Newhall Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 254-1275. Music jam session, 2 p.m. at Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 6885, 16208 Sierra Highway, Canyon Country. Local musicians welcome. Call (661) 252-6885. MONDAY Santa Clarita chapter of the Los Angeles County Bike Coalition will meet, 6:15-7:30 p.m. at the Town Grind Coffee Cafe, 23414 Lyons Ave., Newhall. Call Maria Gutzeit at (661) 670-0332. Special Olympics offers golf lessons to athletes with learning disabilities, evenings at Vista Valencia Golf Course, 24700 W. Trevino Drive, Valencia. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. TUESDAY Marketing Basics workshop, 9:30-11:30 a.m. at the Santa Clarita Activities Center, 20880 Centre Pointe Parkway, Canyon Country. Cost: $20. Call (818) 899-7355 or visit www.trivalleyWBC.org. Talk & Tea with Ronda B. will discuss the topic “Senior Safety,” 10:30 a.m.-noon in Rooms 1 and 2 in the main Clinic Building at Kaiser Permanente, 27107 Tourney Road, Valencia. Call Ronda Bestle at (661) 222-2405. Nonaerobic workout in a heated pool for joint and muscle conditioning, 10:30 a.m. at the Santa Clarita Valley Family YMCA, 26147 McBean Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 253-3593. Santa Clarita Runners Club will work out, 6:15 p.m. at the College of the Canyons track, 26455 N. Rockwell Road, Valencia. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org. Sierra Hillbillies Square Dance Club will offer an intermediate class, 7-9 p.m. in Rooms A1 and 2 at the SCV Senior Center, 22900 Market St., Newhall. Call (661) 252-2210 or (661) 255-0463. Boating safety class, titled “Basic and Advanced Coastal Navigation,” 7:30-9:30 p.m. at Our Lady of Perpetual Help School, 23233 Lyons Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 268-0143. Barbershop Harmony Singers will rehearse, 7:30-9:30 p.m. in the multipurpose room at Valley Oaks Village Apartments, 24700 Valley St., Newhall. Call (661) 259-6109 for security-door information. WEDNESDAY Betty Winn will present information on one of the nation’s top Jewish day schools, 9:30 a.m. at Temple Beth Ami, 23023 Hilse Lane, Newhall. Call (661) 255-6410. Santa Clarita Sunrise Rotary Club will meet, 7:10 a.m. at IHOP, 24737 W. Pico Canyon Road, Stevenson Ranch. Call (661) 250-1023. Santa Clarita Valley Rotary Club will meet, 12:10 p.m. at Marie Callender’s, 27630 The Old Road, Valencia. Call (661) 259-7701. Santa Clarita Valley-Newhall Optimist Club will meet, 7 p.m. at La Rumba, 27600 Bouquet Canyon Road, Saugus. Call (661) 252-7313. Valencia Toastmasters will meet, 7 p.m. Call Kim Dickens at (661) 259-8567 or visit www.valenciatoastmasters.org for location. Dual Diagnosis Group for those who are chemically dependent and affected by mental illness, 7:30-9:30 p.m. at St. Francis Counseling Center, 25050 Avenue Kearny, Suite 101, Valencia. Call (661) 294-2880. Special Olympics offers athletic training and competition for athletes with learning disabilities during the evenings at various locations in Santa Clarita. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. THURSDAY Groundhog Job Shadow Day will allow students to shadow local workers throughout the day. Call Ann Kerman at (661) 259-0033, Ext. 776. Santa Clarita Corvette Club will meet, 6:30 p.m. at Marie Callender’s, 27630 The Old Road, Valencia. Call (661) 259-4675. Nonaerobic workout in a heated pool for joint and muscle conditioning, 10:30 a.m. at the Santa Clarita Valley Family YMCA, 26147 McBean Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 253-3593. Santa Clarita Noon Kiwanis Club will meet, noon-1:30 p.m. at El Torito, 27510 The Old Road, Valencia. Call Janie Choate at (661) 296-8260. Youth Chess Club will meet, 5:30-8 p.m. at 25864-G Tournament Road, Valencia. Call Jay Stallings at (661) 288-1705. Evening Kiwanis Club will meet, 6:15 p.m. at Mulligan’s, 25848 Tournament Road, Valencia. Call Amy Spencer at (661) 255-6714. Santa Clarita Runners Club will meet for tempo runs, 6:15 p.m. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org for location. FRIDAY Karaoke night, 6:30-9:30 at Vincenzo’s, 24504 1/2 Lyons Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 259-6733. SATURDAY Volunteer Orientation, 10-11 a.m. at Placerita Canyon Nature Center, 19152 Placerita Canyon Road, Newhall. Call (661) 259-7721. Women of Extraordinary Faith book group will discuss “An Extraordinary Faith,” 10 a.m. at Barnes & Noble, 23630 Valencia Blvd., Valencia. Call (661) 254-6604. Valentine Story Time & Craft, 10 a.m. at Barnes & Noble, 23630 Valencia Blvd., Valencia. Call (661) 254-6604. Conscious Goods Caravan will visit, noon-2 p.m. at Whole Foods Market, 24130 Valencia Blvd., Valencia. Call (661) 260-2377. Santa Clarita Runners Club will meet for a morning run, 7 o’clock in the parking lot at Starbucks, 26415 Bouquet Canyon Road, Valencia. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org. Free wellness workshop will present research about stubborn weight, fatigue and hormone imbalance, 10-11:30 a.m. at the office of Dr. Larry Cart, 24868 Apple St., Suite 101, Newhall. Call (661) 284-6233. Saugus train station will be open, 1-4 p.m. at Heritage Junction in William S. Hart Park, 24151 Newhall Ave. Call (661) 254-1275. Karaoke night, 8 o’clock at VFW Post 6885, 16208 Sierra Highway, Canyon Country. Call (661) 252-6885. Special Olympics offers athletic training and competition for athletes with learning disabilities throughout the day at various locations in Santa Clarita. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. To submit an event for the Daily News calendar, contact Sharon Cotal two weeks prior to the event at (661) 257-5256, fax her at (661) 257-5262, e-mail her at firstname.lastname@example.org or write to her at 24800 Avenue Rockefeller, Valencia, CA 91355.
Applications are now open for young volunteers in Donegal to be nominated in the Pramerica Spirit of Community Awards.Author and DJ Nikki Hayes helped kick off the search for Ireland’s top young volunteers as the Pramerica Spirit of Community Awards opens applications for the 2018 programme.The only youth initiative of its kind, the 2018 programme launched with a panel-style event at Pramerica’s new office in Letterkenny. The focus of the event was the role volunteerism plays in some of today’s biggest societal challenges, including homelessness and mental health. Panellists included past and present honourees as well as representatives from each of the key charity areas.Past honourees Adrian McMyler, Emily Duffy and Sophie Donnelly with Nikki Hayes and Ciaran Harvey, Senior Managing Director & CIO at Pramerica“As someone who has experienced mental health issues throughout my life, I am well aware of the devastating effect it can have on the people around you,” said Hayes during the event.“What is special about this awards programme is that it recognises the young volunteers helping their peers in their own community to overcome their problems and face the future together.”Pictured is 2017 Pramerica Spirit of Community Award finalist Aoife Gillespie from St Columba’s College, Donegal with Andrea McBride Vice President Pramerica Systems Ireland and guest of honour Jordi MurphyPictured is 2017 Pramerica Spirit of Community Award finalist Dylan Nesbitt, Deele College, Donegal with Andrea McBride Vice President Pramerica Systems Ireland and guest of honour Jordi MurphyThe Pramerica Spirit of Community Awards is run in partnership with Pramerica, the National Association of Principals & Deputy Principals (NAPD) and the General Teaching Council for Northern Ireland (GTCNI). Applications are open for online submissions until 20th October 2017. Principals then have until 10th November to nominate up to two students from their school for national-level recognition, from which 20 finalists will be selected.Two overall winners will then be announced at a gala awards ceremony in March 2018; these All-Ireland Youth Volunteers of the Year will be awarded €1,000 each for their chosen charity and a trip to Washington, D.C. for the annual international Prudential Spirit of Community Awards celebration.The 20 finalists will all be awarded €500 for their charities at the ceremony. This year for the first time, the top two Junior Honourees will receive an additional €500 for their chosen charity.“At Pramerica, we believe in supporting young people in our society, and over the past 12 years we have honoured over 2,000 volunteers from 300 schools across the island of Ireland,” said Ciaran Harvey, Senior Managing Director & CIO at Pramerica.“As we open the 2018 awards, we would encourage all school principals to shine a light on their pupils’ volunteering activities, and we are very much looking forward to hearing the inspirational stories from today’s young leaders who are committed to making a difference in their local communities.” The programme is also supported by notable organisations including Volunteer Now, Volunteer Ireland, Foróige and Scouting Ireland.Applications are now open at www.pramerica.ie/spirit.Do you know a young community volunteer who deserves recognition? was last modified: September 15th, 2017 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:pramericaPramerica Spirit of Community Awards
See also:Bees celebrate as promotion is sealedBees hero Judge savours ‘best moment’Triumphant Brentford boss hails playersFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Maybe the Aussies want their share of missing link notoriety; an unusual fish with bony fins has been discovered in western Australia, reported in Nature.1 The bigger the splash a missing link makes for reporters, the better. The story on Science Daily said, “A fossil fish discovered in the West Australian Kimberley has been identified as the missing clue in vertebrate evolution, rewriting a century-old theory on how the first land animals evolved.” The discoverers named it Gogonasus after the Gogo Station near where it was found. They claim this little fossil fish, claimed to be over 380 million years old, is “the ultimate ‘Mother’ of all tetrapods.” OK, so what is special about this fish, compared to other alleged tetrapod ancestors? Science Daily wrote,The fossil skeleton shows the fish’s skull had large holes for breathing through the top of the head but importantly also had muscular front fins with a well-formed humerus, ulna and radius – the same bones are found in the human arm.Actually, no baseball pitcher could operate with a borrowed Gogonasus arm, but this means that the structure and arrangement of the bones (i.e., one upper-arm bone and two lower-arm bones) was established early on in the fossil record. Moreover, this “proves that features of land-living tetrapods (four-legged vertebrates) evolved much earlier in their evolutionary history than previously thought,” according to team member Erich Fitzgerald. They think this fish lived at a pivotal time for all subsequent evolution, “from dinosaurs, to kangaroos, and ultimately, us humans.” One problem is that, till now, scientists thought tetrapods evolved in the northern hemisphere. Tiktaalik, you recall, was found in the arctic (04/06/2006). The actual paper gets into some messy details that complicate the simple missing-link angle. “Unexpectedly, Gogonasus shows a mosaic of plesiomorphic and derived tetrapod-like features,” Long et al wrote. Plesiomorphic invokes the notion of a generalized similarity, where derived hints at an ancestral lineage. Where do they decide to put it in the tree along with other alleged missing link candidates?Whereas the braincase and dermal cranial skeleton exhibit generalized morphologies with respect to Eusthenopteron or Panderichthys, taxa that are traditionally considered to be phyletically close to tetrapods, the presence of a deeply invaginated, wide spiracle, advanced internal spiracular architecture and near-horizontal hyomandibula are specialized features that are absent from Eusthenopteron. Furthermore, the pectoral fin skeleton of Gogonasus shares several features with that of Tiktaalik, the most tetrapod-like fish. A new phylogenetic analysis places Gogonasus crownward of Eusthenopteron as the sister taxon to the Elpistostegalia. Aspects of the basic tetrapod limb skeleton and middle ear architecture can now be traced further back within the tetrapodomorph radiation.Part of the problem is that they want this fish to represent an earlier contender for a tetrapod-wannabee yet it shares some similarities to the later Tiktaalik. Wherever it fits, there’s going to be some ’splainin’ to do:The conspicuously large spiracular opening (Fig. 1a-c) is proportionally similar to those recently reconstructed for Panderichthys and Tiktaalik. The pectoral fin endoskeleton of Gogonasus is described here for the first time (Fig. 2), the new specimen being the only known Devonian fish that shows a complete acid-prepared pectoral limb. There are some surprising similarities to the recently described pectoral fin in the advanced elpistostegalian Tiktaalik. As such features could indicate homoplasy between Gogonasus and early tetrapods, we present a revised character analysis to determine whether the new anatomical information supports a more crownward position for Gogonasus in the stem-tetrapod phylogeny.In other words, they invoke the old Darwinian explanation of convergent evolution (homoplasy) to explain why this early fish would have similar structures to a later one. For example, in the spiracle, “No previously described tetrapodomorph fish shows such a large spiracular opening, or a downward facing dermal lamina forming a posterior wall to the spiracular chamber, so the condition in Gogonasus is highly unusual,” they wrote. How to explain it? “This indicates that spiracular breathing might have evolved independently in some stem tetrapodomorphs.” Yet spiracular breathing is no simple single-mutation change. It would have involved multiple adaptations involving soft parts as well as bone—making independent convergence on the same pattern highly improbable. Another problem is that if this specimen is a perfect intermediate between two other candidates in terms of the angle of the spiracle,2 what’s it doing down under when the other fossils are up yonder? Getting into the fin bones, the authors state that various interpretations are possible. “Such features can be interpreted as either generalized (plesiomorphic) for Gogonasus and elpistostegalians, or shared apomorphies that unite them, and as such would exclude the rhizodontids and tristichopterids from the higher clade.” Indeed, their phylogenetic diagram (figure 3) shows two very different possible trees. Nothing in the paper suggests that there is any certainty to their favorite solution. There are plenty of “may have” and “might have” qualifiers in the text, and even their proposal overturns previous beliefs and raises new questions.3 They can only speculate about what environment any of the creatures lived in, and how different forms arrived at different parts of the globe. One other thing. Whatever happened, happened quickly. Based on the assumed dates of these bones, and the scatter of different specimens from China to Europe, from the arctic to Australia, “indicates that the initial radiation of tetrapods from elpistostegalian fishes, with evidence currently confined to the northern hemisphere landmass of Euramerica, was probably an extremely rapid global event.”1Long et al, “An exceptional Devonian fish from Australia sheds light on tetrapod origins,” Nature advance online publication 18 October 2006 | doi:10.1038/nature05243; Received 4 June 2006; Accepted 11 September 2006; Published online 18 October 2006.2Ibid, “The shallower angle of the spiracular chamber margin in Gogonasus (Fig. 1g) is a perfect intermediate morphology between the deeper spiracular chamber of Eusthenopteron (Fig. 1h) and the almost horizontal chamber of Panderichthys (Fig. 1f). However, in having the entopterygoid located lateral to the ventral opening of the spiracular tract, the condition in Panderichthys is more derived than either Eusthenopteron or Gogonasus.3e.g., “Our new phylogeny replaces the tristichopterid Eusthenopteron as the typical fish model for the fish-tetrapod transition. It also raises the question of what environment the immediate stem group of the elpistostegalians inhabited. The marine environment inhabited by Gogonasus is in accord with the marginal marine environments of some elpistostegalians (Panderichthys, Elpistostege, Tiktaalik) and the tetrapod Tulerpeton. Such observations support a model in which the first tetrapods, like their immediate piscine sister taxa, were capable of marine dispersal, thus explaining the widespread global distribution achieved shortly after their first appearance in the late Frasnian.When you read scientific papers, with all their unknowns, all their qualifiers and disclaimers and uncertainties and admissions of doubt and lack of evidence, then read the popular news reports gleaming with confidence and glittering generalities glibly stating how some new fossil proves evolution, it gets really disgusting. Any Darwin Party advocate holding up a stack of science journals at a school board meeting and claiming they represent mounds of evidence backing up Charlie’s wacko story about humans coming from bacteria is either a charlatan or a dupe of the popular press. When you hear a wild, reckless claim like “This is the mother of all tetrapods!” don’t be a sucker. Read the original source paper like we do. It has the fine print. It suggests a revised claim that, unfortunately, makes for a very poor sound bite for reporters: something like:If we could figure out how these shallow-water inhabitants got from Australia to the arctic, and if we had the soft parts, and if we understood how morphological features could appear and disappear and re-appear within a Darwinian mechanism, and if we could unscramble these mosaics and redistribute them into lineages, and if we had the vaguest idea of what kind of environments the creatures actually lived in, and if we could rule out the possibility (as in Coelacanth) that the observed bones were used for other purposes other than what we expect, and if we could wiggle out of the Lamarckian charge of orthogenesis, and if we could somehow connect these morphological differences to beneficial mutations that natural selection could act on (with no purpose or goal in mind that they might prove advantageous on land, if both the breathing apparatus and the fin bones were to get lucky at the same time), then we might be able to make the claim that our particular fossil fits somewhere in an ancestral relationship to tetrapods, however controversial, that could be a contender in scientific conferences, and could get us some powerpoint slides that won’t be criticized, and might get us some brief popularity at the closing dinner, and maybe even a question from a reporter, or at least avoidance of ridicule, until our rivals find something else the following spring that blows our entire scheme out of the water.That, discerning students, is how real Darwinism is done.(Visited 28 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The science news outlets are all posting a story from Space.com about how you can adopt a scientist. Mark Showalter is an interesting guy – astronomer, scuba diver, amateur naturalist, award-winning photographer, and specialist in planetary rings. But why was this story posted in the SETI column? There doesn’t seem to be anything Mark has done to find intelligent life in space. It appears that the SETI Institute, with its “Adopt a Scientist” program, hopes that getting people to follow a scientist around will end up transferring his passion for science onto the search for life in space. “When you adopt a scientist, you help lead the way towards answering profound questions regarding our place in the universe,” the article says. Another story from Live Science talks about a cave explorer adventuring in Chile who is also a member of the SETI Institute (see previous entry). His work is aimed at comparing habitats on Earth that might compare to those on Mars where life might be found. Again, though, the search for microbes has nothing to do with the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.This is an example of the propaganda tactic of transfer or association. The positive vibes you receive by getting to know an interesting person are supposed to transfer over into making you think that SETI is science, not religion. Anybody can play the association game. Mark is a nice guy with a lot of abilities and interests, but his personality does not put SETI in the Science column. Science needs data. SETI will become a science when Mark finds an alien in his viewfinder, on his next dive, or in the rings of Saturn. Good luck.(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0