How long does it take to bury an aircraft under hundreds of feet of ice? Try 76 years.A second member of the “Lost Squadron” has been located under Greenland ice using ground-penetrating radar. The first P-38 dubbed “Glacier Girl” was found in 1992 at a similar depth, causing amazement at the time that it was so deep under the ice. After recovery, it was eventually restored to flying condition.Hundreds of U.S. aircraft flew this route during World War II as part of Operation Bolero, which delivered warplanes, pilots, equipment and supplies for the planned Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe.Credit: US ArmyNow, reports Live Science, a second P-38 has been located, and there are others waiting to be found. Drones are making the search easier than before.The search leader, California businessman Jim Salazar, told Live Science that the team found the wrecked P-38 on July 4 beneath more than 300 feet (91 meters) of ice using a ground-penetrating radar antenna fitted to a heavy-lift aerial drone. The drone was scanning a part of the glacier where hints of the buried warplane were detected in 2011.The “Lost Squadron,” consisting of six P-38s and two B-2 bombers flew over this part of Greenland in 1942 but got caught in bad weather and had to land on top of the ice. Although survivors were able to radio for help, bad weather and crashes of search and rescue aircraft prevented some of the crew from getting back alive, Tom Metcalfe writes.The buried plane was in a remote region made dangerous by hidden ice crevasses, sudden storms and hungry polar bears. “This is a very cold-weather region and an inhospitable location,” Salazar said.Metcalfe does not explain how the aircraft became buried so quickly. A thermal probe that can melt the ice was required to reach the craft. Search leader Jim Salazar, who runs a machinery business in Pasadena, California, plans to extricate the craft from the ice next summer with mostly his own funds.How can Metcalfe ignore the obvious question? People reading this would want to know how a WW2 plane became entombed 300 feet deep in ice in just 76 years. Creation Magazine reported on the discovery of the first P-38, saying that the find challenges slow-and-gradual preconceptions. Carl Wieland tells the story of the crash landings, and notes that searchers in the 1980s expected to find them sitting on top of the ice in pristine condition in the deep freeze of Greenland. In the years to follow, a few people occasionally recalled the legendary Lost Squadron of 1942, but it was only in 1980 that anyone thought of a salvage mission. U.S. airplane dealer Patrick Epps told his friend, architect Richard Taylor, that the planes would be like new. “All we’d have to do is shovel the snow off the wings, fill them with gas, crank them up and fly them off into the sunset. Nothing to it.”To their surprise, the searchers found the first bomber in 1988 not on the surface, but under 250 of ice. The deep burial had occurred in just 50 years. The bomber had been crushed by the deep ice. It wasn’t until 1992 that the sturdier P-38 “Glacier Girl” was recovered. All the planes were in the same position, Wieland notes, but had moved horizontally 3 miles inside the glacier.Wieland responds to critics who say that a common school experiment shows that a metal grid can sink through a block of ice. He says it only happens at room temperature, not in a freezer. In addition, if the planes had sunk, they would have ended up nose down, but were found in a horizontal position. The aircraft did not sink, therefore, but became covered by accumulating snow that compacted into over 300 feet of ice in just a matter of decades. What does this mean for dating methods? “Millions of years” are tossed around so casually, Wieland says, that people come to assume that everything in nature requires long ages. This case demonstrates that the assumption needs to be challenged.Evolutionists and other long-agers often say that ‘the present is the key to the past’. In that case, the 3000-m-long ice core [brought up by the joint European Greenland Ice-core Project (GRIP) in Greenland in 1990–1992] would only represent some 2,000 years of accumulation. Allowing of course for compression of lower layers, (which is also offset by the inevitable aftermath of a global Flood, namely much greater precipitation and snowfall for a few centuries) there is ample time in the 4,000 or so years since Noah’s day for the existing amounts of ice to have built up—even under today’s generally non-catastrophic conditions.Wieland lists other surprising cases of rapid change to phenomena of known date, like the flag and sledge left in 1911 by Amundsen at the South Pole that was found under 40 feet of ice. Changes can occur rapidly if the conditions are right. In some cases, the assumption of millions of years actually becomes part of the problem, not part of the solution. If 300 feet of ice can accumulate in just 76 years, how about millions? 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Liquefied natural gas from Sabetta on the Siberian peninsula Yamal was for the first time transhipped simultaneously in Zeebrugge from an ice class vessel (ARC7) into a conventional LNG carrier for further transport to Asia on May 1.The Russian ice class vessel Eduard Toll transfered simutaneously LNG into the LNG tanker Pskov via shore pipes.The operation took place at quays 615 and 616 of the Fluxys terminal in the outer port.Fluxys was selected as transhipment hub for liquefied Siberian natural gas from the Yamal gasfield in 2015.The contract constitutes for Zeebrugge an annual transhipment of 107 LNG loads from ice class vessels to conventional LNG vessels or 214 vessel movements in the port.In winter time, when the northern sea routes are frozen in Siberia, the ice class LNG vessels will shuttle from Sabetta to Zeebrugge.Image Courtesy: Port of Zeebrugge
Byrd Stadium in College Park, Md., as seen from the Maryland player entrance, prior to kickoff between OSU and the Terrapins on Oct. 4. The game was the first-ever meeting between the two schools, and the Terrapins’ inaugural Big Ten home game. Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editorCOLLEGE PARK, Md. — In the first-ever football matchup between Ohio State and Maryland, the No. 20 Buckeyes came away with a wire-to-wire victory to open their Big Ten season.OSU’s 52-24 win spoiled Maryland’s first Big Ten home game at Byrd Stadium in College Park, Md., on Saturday afternoon.After the win, OSU coach Urban Meyer said he was “very pleased” with the Buckeyes’ play, but stressed that there is still room for improvement.“I know it wasn’t perfect; and obviously that’s what you strive to be, but we’re not,” Meyer said.With the conference season opening against Maryland, at least one OSU player said the team treats every game like a big one, but added there was some extra joy in a Big Ten victory.“We’re Ohio State,” sophomore defensive lineman Joey Bosa said after the game. “We come in and every game is a big game for us. So first Big Ten game, feels real nice.”After the Buckeyes (4-1, 1-0) jumped out to a 24-3 lead, a Maryland (4-2, 1-1) touchdown and an ensuing OSU punt near the end of the first half had the Terrapins threatening to get back in the game. That punt — a 69-yard boot by sophomore Cameron Johnston — pinned Maryland at its own seven-yard line.Johnston said Meyer told him to put everything he had into the punt before sending him out on the field.“He said ‘go after it,’ so if he gives you permission to go after it and I’m allowed to go after it then I’m kind of happy,” Johnston said after the game. “So it was good.”On the first play of the drive, redshirt-freshman linebacker Darron Lee intercepted Maryland redshirt-senior quarterback C.J. Brown, giving OSU the ball at the one. Redshirt-freshman quarterback J.T. Barrett hit redshirt-junior tight end Nick Vannett on the next play for a touchdown, giving the Buckeyes the momentum and a 31-10 halftime lead.Lee said the Buckeyes “needed a big play” at that moment in the game, and added he simply watched the play unfold before making the interception.“Eyes on the quarterback, and (sophomore defensive lineman) Joey Bosa was about to get him if he waited a half second longer,” Lee said after the game. “And then he threw it, (I) got to the ball, caught it.”Redshirt-junior tight end Nick Vannett (81) heads into the end zone for a touchdown during a game against Maryland on Oct. 4 at Byrd Stadium in College Park, Md. OSU won, 52-24.Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editorFrom there, OSU outscored the Terrapins, 21-14, to seal the victory.Lee said everyone from Meyer to the rest of his teammates was looking forward to the Maryland matchup because none of them had ever taken on the Terrapins.“Coach was eager to play them, it was the first time he’s ever played Maryland, first time we’ve played Maryland,” he said. “We knew we had to jump out on them, they’re an explosive team.”The first half was a tale of two contrasting offenses as the Buckeyes picked up 289 total yards in the opening 30 minutes, compared to just 104 from Maryland.OSU co-offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach Tom Herman said he enjoyed the success his offensive players had against the Terrapins, but said it’s important to keep that kind of play going throughout each game.“It’s really fun to be up there and just kind of call plays and understand that your guys are executing,” Herman said after the game. “We’re in a rhythm and do whatever you can not to break that rhythm and get behind the chains.”OSU got things started with an eight-play, 75-yard drive capped by a one-yard touchdown run from redshirt-senior running back Rod Smith. Barrett hit redshirt-freshman H-back Jalin Marshall from nine yards out later in the quarter before Maryland got on the board.Herman said the first set of plays of the day was planned for the Buckeyes, but they still had to adjust to have their early success.“We script our first eight or 10 plays, but understand that we’ve got to adjust based on what the defense is giving,” Herman said.Following the Marshall touchdown, the Terrapins’ junior kicker Brad Craddock set a new Maryland record with a 57-yard field goal to make the score 14-3, but the Buckeyes answered back with a touchdown and a field goal of their own before Lee’s interception and the ensuing Vannett touchdown.OSU’s first drive of the second half ended with a turnover on downs inside the 10-yard line, but redshirt-freshman cornerback Eli Apple gave the ball back to the Buckeyes with an interception in the end zone. Barrett hit senior wide receiver Devin Smith from 30 yards out on the ensuing possession to extend OSU’s lead to 38-10.Maryland’s second touchdown — a two-yard run by redshirt-junior running back Brandon Ross — was followed by a nine-yard scoring run from Barrett, giving the Buckeyes a 45-17 advantage just six seconds into the fourth quarter.Lee went to the sideline with an apparent leg injury on the first play of Maryland’s next drive after nearly making an interception, but later returned to the game.After the game, Lee said he sustained “just a cramp” on the play.After that near-pick, Maryland went on a seven-play, 74-yard drive that ended with a four-yard touchdown pass from junior quarterback Caleb Rowe to junior wide receiver Stefon Diggs.The Buckeyes closed out the scoring when freshman linebacker Raekwon McMillan intercepted Rowe and returned it 19 yards for a touchdown on Maryland’s next possession.“It’s one of the best feelings in the world,” McMillan said of his first career score. “My teammate helped me out by tipping the ball and I just took advantage of the moment.”Barrett finished his day 18 of 23 on pass attempts for 267 yards and four touchdowns. He also finished second on the team with 71 rushing yards and another score. Sophomore running back Ezekiel Elliott led the way with 24 carries and 139 yards rushing while redshirt-sophomore wide receiver Michael Thomas led the team with four receptions for 75 yards and a touchdown through the air. Redshirt-junior wide receiver Corey Smith also had four receptions for 44 yards.Sophomore defensive lineman Joey Bosa (97) makes a tackle during a game against Maryland on Oct. 4 at Byrd Stadium in College Park, Md. OSU won, 52-24, as Bosa tallied 1 sack and 2.5 tackles for loss.Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editorIn total, Barrett completed passes to nine different receivers, and Meyer praised his ability, as well as the play of the players he throws to.“J.T. Barrett is playing very well and the big thing is we can still get better,” Meyer said. “The guys playing around him are pretty good too.”The Buckeye offense totaled 533 yards on the day, compared to 310 for Maryland.Bosa keyed the OSU defense with one sack and 2.5 tackles for loss while sophomore safety Vonn Bell and junior linebacker Joshua Perry tied for the team lead with six tackles each.After the game, Bosa said the defensive lines production when it comes to getting to the quarterback could have been even better than it was.“We were back there all day,” he said. “I think we could’ve had a lot more (sacks) if we just got there a little faster.”Brown and Rowe combined to throw four interceptions and just one touchdown in the game. The Buckeyes held the Terrapins to just 66 rushing yards on the day.OSU is scheduled to have a week off before returning to Ohio Stadium to face Rutgers on Oct. 18. Kickoff is set for 3:30 p.m.
Sophomore defensive lineman Joey Bosa (right) hugs senior defensive lineman Michael Bennett following a 31-24 double-overtime victory over Penn State in State College, Pa. Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editorSTATE COLLEGE, Pa. — The No. 13 Ohio State football team jumped out to an early lead, but relied on a late defensive stand in a 31-24 double-overtime victory against Penn State.OSU (6-1, 3-0) sophomore defensive lineman Joey Bosa knocked down Penn State (4-3, 1-3) sophomore quarterback Christian Hackenberg on fourth-and-five in the second overtime to seal the win Saturday night at Beaver Stadium.“I think we learned that we are a real team, and when adversity strikes we can come together and win a big game in a crazy environment,” Bosa said after the game.After the Buckeyes outscored the Nittany Lions 17-0 in the first half, Penn State reversed field in the second half to tie the game at 17 with nine seconds on the clock to force overtime.OSU coach Urban Meyer saved praise for his team’s opponent after the game, and added that the Buckeyes need to improve their play along the line.“A credit to our opponent, they played their tails off,” Meyer said. “Outplayed us up front, I think. (I’m) a little upset with the way we played up front and we got to get that fixed.”Penn State got the ball first before Hackenberg led the Nittany Lions to a first-and-goal from the two-yard line. The Buckeyes held on to force third down at the one, but senior running back Bill Belton found his way into the end zone to give Penn State its first lead of the night.On the Buckeyes’ first overtime possession, redshirt-freshman quarterback J.T. Barrett kept the ball on a second-and-seven to set up first and goal from the five with a 17-yard run. He kept it again on the next play, scoring a touchdown to tie the game at 24.Due to a personal foul penalty against Penn State following the Buckeyes’ extra point, OSU started the second overtime at the 12-yard line. Barrett led the Buckeyes to a third-and-two at the four-yard line, before taking another quarterback keeper into the end zone to put OSU back on top, 31-24.After the game, Barrett said he was trying to take it one play at a time and didn’t necessarily plan on running the ball before his two overtime touchdowns.“Just reading it each time, because when you go out there with an idea you play the idea and then you’re wrong,” he said.Penn State took over at the 25-yard line, but the Buckeyes forced fourth-down–and-five at the 20. Hackenberg was knocked to the ground as Bosa overpowered a Nittany Lion blocker.The Fort Lauderdale, Fla., native said he didn’t follow his assignment on the play, despite the positive result for OSU.“That wasn’t what I was supposed to do,” Bosa said. “I was supposed to hit the guard and wrap out, but he blocked down so the hole opened up. So I just took it and I was tired of trying to work my way around the back so I just ran over him.”Bosa added he didn’t even realize what had happened until his teammates surrounded him after the play.“I was so tired, I didn’t even know it was a sack until everybody started yelling,” he said. “I looked over and he had the ball and (junior defensive lineman Adolphus Washington) came to hug me and I just fell down and everybody jumped on top of me.”Bosa — who said he “needed to play a lot better” — finished the game with 2.5 sacks and six total tackles.Barrett said he was simply glad Bosa was wearing a white jersey rather than Penn State’s blue shirt in the game.“Joey Bosa, one thing I can say, I’m really glad he’s on our team,” he said. “That’s for sure. Great player.”The play sealed OSU’s third straight win against the Nittany Lions.The double-overtime finish came after Penn State picked up a late field goal on a drive that began inside its own 10-yard line.Holding on to its three-point advantage, OSU sophomore punter Cameron Johnston pinned the Nittany Lions at their own nine-yard line with 2:58 to play in the game, then drove down the field to tack on three points and tie the game.Hackenberg led the Nittany Lions to the OSU 43-yard line before being sacked by Bosa on first down. A penalty against the Buckeyes on the next play gave Penn State a new set of downs on the OSU 28, needing just a field goal to force overtime.On third-and-six at the OSU 14 yard-line with 19 seconds on the clock Hackenberg threw incomplete into the end zone, forcing a field goal attempt for the Nittany Lions.After an OSU timeout, Penn State senior kicker Sam Ficken connected on a 31-yard field goal.The Nittany Lions’ race back into the game was led in part by their defense’s ability to disrupt the OSU passing game.Barrett threw an interception on the third play of the second half, which was returned 40 yards for a touchdown by senior defensive lineman Anthony Zettel. The pick was Barrett’s first interception since the Buckeyes Sept. 13 win against Kent State.But after that touchdown, neither team found its way back onto the scoreboard in the third quarter.Barrett threw another interception on OSU’s first play of the fourth quarter, and the Penn State offense managed to break through on the next drive.“The last one, that was a dumb mistake,” Barrett said of the interception. “I saw the Mike (linebacker) and I tried to throw over him.”Meyer said Barrett sprained his knee during the game, but kept on playing through the pain.“J.T. Barrett had a sprained knee, and continued to do what he did and even on the drop back passes, whether it was a coverage sack or pressured, he pulled through a couple plays and made some great plays for us,” he said.After the pick, Hackenberg hit freshman wide receiver Saeed Blacknall for a 24-yard touchdown, moving the Nittany Lions within three points.Penn State forced OSU to punt on the next drive, but senior wide receiver Devin Smith downed it at the one-yard line. The Nittany Lions were forced to punt, giving the ball back to OSU with 51 yards between it and the end zone, and 5:17 remaining on the clock.The drive stalled, giving the Nittany Lions their shot, leading to Ficken’s field goal and the eventual overtime.Sophomore running back Ezekiel Elliott paced the Buckeyes’ offense with 26 carries for 109 yards and a touchdown, while Barrett added 20 carries for 75 yards and his two overtime scores. The OSU signal caller also finished the game 12-for-19 for 74 yards with one touchdown and two interceptions. Senior tight end Jeff Heuerman led the Buckeyes with three receptions for 19 yards and a score.After Bosa’s 2.5 sacks, redshirt-freshman linebacker Darron Lee added 1.5 sacks of his own while junior linebacker Joshua Perry tallied a team-high 18 total tackles.The Buckeyes are scheduled to return to the field Nov. 1 to take on Illinois at Ohio Stadium. Kickoff is set for 8 p.m. Coach Urban Meyer (left) leads the Buckeyes out of the tunnel at Beaver Stadium for an Oct. 25 game against Penn State in State College, Pa. OSU won in double-overtime, 31-24. Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editor